In Recent days, Antibiotic or bacterial resistance has been called one of the most pressing and rapidly increasing public health problems worldwide. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics has been posing a serious threat to human health.
Most of the bacteria are adapted and are resistant to many bacterial strains. Some bacteria are entirely resistant to antibiotics like penicillin – Staphylococcus is the initial bacteria being resistant. Viruses are known to be unaffected by antibiotics, for instance common cold showed no effect in its treatment.
A Scientific team which conducted research focusing on highest mortality rated bacteria like Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa proved to be resistant to most of the antibiotics. A research unit from the University of Manchester suggests that smaller groups of bacteria are more likely to become resistant to antibiotics. The scientific research published in Nature Communications explored the mutation rates in E. coli and revealed that smaller groups of microbes are more likely to mutate than larger groups. And hence smaller groups of bacteria develop a greater resistance to antibiotics like Rifampicin.
World Health Organization, states several cases on drug resistance and this antimicrobial resistance increases the costs of health care. Organisations like Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, also published on resistance in the United States. Medical Journals like International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents provides insight into the problems of antimicrobial resistance in the community. Understanding the core relation between bacteria, immune system and antibiotics can open advanced approach to cope with public health issues.