Global agriculture finds itself involved in a heated debate over genetically modified crops. Latest technologies in the biotechnology, enables plant breeders to produce a GM or transgenic crop that has a novel genetic combination obtained through the advanced applications of modern biotechnology. In the recent days, many developing countries have also established the capacity for genetic engineering.
According to the history of GM Crops, in 1982, the first genetically modified crop produced was an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant. Calgene’s delayed-ripening tomato (Flavr-Savr™) became the first genetically modified food crop produced in the year 1994. Existing GM crops introduced for increasing productivity and reducing imports include Golden Rice, Bt Cotton, Bt Brinjal and Bt Mustard.
Several life sciences companies have influenced the application of GM technology to agriculture in the many developing countries. Such biotech companies include Monsanto, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont Pioneer, Syngenta, Bayer CropScience, etc.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine after an analysis conducted by group of advisors stated that genetically modified crops seems to be safe and secure to eat and additionally they donot damage the natural habitat. The merits and demerits of GM foods need to be traced out through the rigorous research findings, despite the current uncertainty and concerns over GM. With the ultimate importance of food, strategies regarding GM crops or biotech crops will have to be based on an open debate involving a wide section of society.