Scientific Curiosity over Mysterious Reptile – Chameleon

Chameleons, distinctive clade of ancient lizards have attracted attention for centuries with their peculiar characteristics. Chameleon species live on the island of Madagascar, southern Europe, and also across south Asia to Sri Lanka.

Chameleons are known for their impressive and distinctive character of color changing, excellent vision, specialized feet, and ballistic and adhesive tongue. Chameleons can view objects in both visible and ultraviolet light, but less hearing capacity. The chameleon is noted as a “sit-and-wait” predator which usually stays calm, hidden, until its prey comes into its capacity of catching.

Nature Physics published an article on the adhesive tongue used by chameleons for catching prey.  Scientists have made important discoveries about chameleon physiology in recent years. However, there is a lot of mystery identifying mechanisms of performed by chameleons. Oxford University scientists have derived a mathematical model to describe the secrets of the chameleon’s extraordinary tongue and also believe that the insights will be helpful in biomimetics. Royal Society of London has published in its journal proceedings about the revealed secrets of this reptiles tongue with the basics of Newton’s Second Law. Special collagenous tissue of chameleon’s tongue is one of the major secrets for its effective work of predation.


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